Comparison of salbutamol efficacy in children- via the metered-dose inhaler (MDI) with Volumatic® spacer and via the dry powder inhaler, Easyhaler®, with the nebulizer - in mild to moderate asthma exacerbation: a multicenter, randomized study
Background: β2 agonist administered via a nebulizer is the standard treatment for acute asthma exacerbation. There are some limitations for the use of nebulization. We conducted a study to determine the efficacy of salbutamol administered via the pMDI with Volumatic® spacer and the Easyhaler®(DPI) compared to nebulization in mild to moderate asthma exacerbations in children.
Methods: A multicenter, randomized, controlled study was conducted in children between 5 and 18 years of age who presented at an emergency or outpatient department. They were randomized to receive either 6 puffs of salbutamol via the pMDI with Volumatic® spacer, or via the Easyhaler®, or 0.15 mg/kg of salbutamol nebulized via oxygen (or compressed air). The primary outcome was the clinical response which was assessed using the modified Wood’s asthma score. The secondary outcomes were: hospitalization, asthma re-visit within 3 days, systemic corticosteroid use